Toward a combined GIS-ABM approach for simulation of pilgrims’ movement during Hajj days in Mekkah

Reda Yaagoubi, Yehia Miky, Hicham Hajji

Abstract


The safety of pilgrims is one the most important issues faced by authorities to make sure that Hajj rituals are carried out in the best condition.  Management of pilgrims crowd’s movement as well as their transportation among Holy places during Hajj days are two main key aspects to take into consideration to ensure their safety. The Hajj authorities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia develop each year a set of plans and schedules to ensure the safety and efficiency of pilgrims’ movement. However, these plans and schedules must be tested and evaluated before their final adoption and implementation. To do so, it is necessary, first, to develop a powerful Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) that intends to provide useful and relevant spatial information and spatial analysis to support decision making for pilgrims crowd’s management. Then, it is necessary to perform realistic simulations of the proposed plans and schedules to assess their safety and efficiency. In this paper, we propose an approach that combines Geographic Information Systems(GIS) and Agent Based Modeling(ABM) for simulation of pilgrims’ movement during Hajj days. Five plans for the movement of 66000 pilgrims were simulated; 3 plans for moving from camps entrances to gathering points and 2 plans for moving from camps entrances to Jamarat gates. The simulations carried out allow assessing the safety of the proposed plans based on the density of pilgrims per meter square. In addition, the efficiency of these plans was estimated in accordance with the time needed for all pilgrims to reach their destination in each scenario.

Keywords


Agent-Based Modeling, Geographic Information System, Pilgrims’ Movement, Simulation,



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v8.i4.pp%25p
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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.