Comparison of Neural Network Training Algorithms for Classification of Heart Diseases

Hesam Karim, Sharareh R. Niakan, Reza Safdari

Abstract


Heart disease is the first cause of death in different countries. Artificial neural network (ANN) technique can be used to predict or classification patients getting a heart disease. There are different training algorithms for ANN. We compared eight neural network training algorithms for classification of heart disease data from UCI repository containing 303 samples. Performance measures of each algorithm containing the speed of training, the number of epochs, accuracy, and mean square error (MSE) were obtained and analyzed. Our results showed that training time for gradient descent algorithms was longer than other training algorithms (8-10 seconds). In contrast, Quasi-Newton algorithms were faster than others (<=0 second). MSE for all algorithms was between 0.117 and 0.228. While there was a significant association between training algorithms and training time (p<0.05), the number of neurons in hidden layer had not any significant effect on the MSE and/or accuracy of the models (p>0.05). Based on our findings, for development an ANN classification model for heart diseases, it is best to use Quasi-Newton training algorithms because of the best speed and accuracy.

Keywords


Heart Disease, Machin Learning, Medical Informatics, Neural Network, Training Algorithms

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v7.i4.pp185-189
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