### Optimization of artificial neural network topology for membrane bioreactor filtration using response surface methodology

#### Abstract

The optimization of artificial neural networks (ANN) topology for predicting permeate flux of palm oil mill effluent (POME) in membrane bioreactor (MBR) filtration has been investigated using response surface methodology (RSM). A radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) model, trained by gradient descent with momentum (GDM) algorithms was developed to correlate output (permeate flux) to the four exogenous input variables (airflow rate, transmembrane pressure, permeate pump and aeration pump). A second-order polynomial model was developed from training results for natural log mean square error of 50 developed ANNs to generate 3D response surfaces. The optimum ANN topology had minimum ln MSE when the number of hidden neurons, spread, momentum coefficient, learning rate and number of epochs were 16, 1.4, 0.28, 0.3 and 1852, respectively. The MSE and regression coeffcient of the ANN model were determined as 0.0022 and 0.9906 for training, 0.0052 and 0.9839 for testing and 0.0217 and 0.9707 for validation data sets. These results confirmed that combining RSM and ANN was precise for predicting permeates flux of POME on MBR system. This development may have significant potential to improve model accuracy and reduce computational time.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v9.i1.pp117-125

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