Comparison of CNNs and SVM for voice control wheelchair

Mohammad Shahrul Izham Sharifuddin, Sharifalillah Nordin, Azliza Mohd Ali

Abstract


In this paper, we develop an intelligent wheelchair using CNNs and SVM voice recognition methods. The data is collected from Google and some of them are self-recorded. There are four types of data to be recognized which are go, left, right, and stop. Voice data are extracted using MFCC feature extraction technique. CNNs and SVM are then used to classify and recognize the voice data. The motor driver is embedded in Raspberry PI 3B+  to control the movement of the wheelchair prototype. CNNs produced higher accuracy i.e. 95.30% compared to SVM which is only 72.39%. On the other hand, SVM only took 8.21 seconds while CNNs took 250.03 seconds to execute. Therefore, CNNs produce better result because noise are filtered in the feature extraction layer before classified in the classification layer. However, CNNs took longer time due to the complexity of the networks and the less complexity implementation in SVM give shorter processing time.

Keywords


Convolutional neural networks, Support vector machine, Voice recognition

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v9.i3.pp387-393
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