Assessing naive Bayes and support vector machine performance in sentiment classification on a big data platform

Redouane Karsi, Mounia Zaim, Jamila El Alami

Abstract


Nowadays, mining user reviews becomes a very useful mean for decision making in several areas. Traditionally, machine learning algorithms have been widely and effectively used to analyze user’s opinions on a limited volume of data. In the case of massive data, powerful hardware resources (CPU, memory, and storage) are essential for dealing with the whole data processing phases including, collection, pre-processing, and learning in an optimal time. Several big data technologies have emerged to efficiently process massive data, like Apache Spark, which is a distributed framework for data processing that provides libraries implementing several machine learning algorithms. In order to evaluate the performance of Apache Spark's machine learning library (MLlib) on a large volume of data, classification accuracies and processing time of two machine learning algorithms implemented in spark: naive Bayes and support vector machine (SVM) are compared to the performance achieved by the standard implementation of these two algorithms on large different size datasets built from movie reviews. The results of our experiment show that the performance of classifiers running under spark is higher than traditional ones and reaches F-measure greater than 84%. At the same time, we found that under spark framework, the learning time is relatively low.


Keywords


Apache Spark, Big data, Naive Bayes, Sentiment analysis, Support vector machine

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v10.i4.pp990-996

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