A systematic literature review of machine learning methods in predicting court decisions

Nur Aqilah Khadijah Rosili, Rohayanti Hassan, Noor Hidayah Zakaria, Shahreen Kasim, Farid Zamani Che Rose, Tole Sutikno

Abstract


Envisaging legal cases’ outcomes can assist the judicial decision-making process. Prediction is possible in various cases, such as predicting the outcome of construction litigation, crime-related cases, parental rights, worker types, divorces, and tax law. The machine learning methods can function as support decision tools in the legal system with artificial intelligence’s advancement. This study aimed to impart a systematic literature review (SLR) of studies concerning the prediction of court decisions via machine learning methods. The review determines and analyses the machine learning methods used in predicting court decisions. This review utilised RepOrting Standards for Systematic Evidence Syntheses (ROSES) publication standard. Subsequently, 22 relevant studies that most commonly predicted the judgement results involving binary classification were chosen from significant databases: Scopus and Web of Sciences. According to the SLR’s outcomes, various machine learning methods can be used in predicting court decisions. Additionally, the performance is acceptable since most methods achieved more than 70% accuracy. Nevertheless, improvements can be made on the types of judicial decisions predicted using the existing machine learning methods.

Keywords


Judicial cases, Legal system, Machine learning, Predictive model

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v10.i4.pp1091-1102

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