Optimal economic dispatch using particle swarm optimization in Sulselrabar system

Marhatang Marhatang, Muhammad Ruswandi Djalal

Abstract


In this study, a particle swarm optimization (PSO) is proposed to optimize the cost of generating thermal plants in the South Sulawesi system. The study was con ducted by analyzing several methods using the lagrange and ant colony optimization (ACO). PSO algorithm converges on the 11th iteration algorithm with the lowest generation cost obtained, which is Rp129687962.17/hour. While the ACO algorithm converges on the 34th iteration with a generation cost of Rp131,473,269.39/hour. The results of optimization using PSO produce a total thermal power of 400.75 MW and losses of 26.15 MW. The PSO method is able to reduce the cost of generating the South Sulawesi system by Rp11,118,312.07/hour or 7.9%. While using the ACO method generates a generation cost of Rp131,473,269.39/hour to generate power of 400,812 MW with losses of 26,219 MW. The ACO method is able to reduce the cost of generating the South Sulawesi system by Rp9,333,004.9/hour or 6.62%. PSO algorithm provides the lowest cost calculation of generator compared with conventional methods and ACO smart methods. This is also shown in the calculation process, the PSO method completes calculations faster than the ACO method.

Keywords


Ant colony optimization; Economic dispatch; Lagrange; Losses; Particle swarm optimization

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v11.i1.pp221-228

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