Karawitans’ musician brain adaptation: standardized low-resolution electromagnetic tomography study

Indra K. Wardani, Phakkharawat Sittiprapaporn, Djohan Djohan, Fortunata Tyasinestu

Abstract


The rapid advancement of music studies has resulted in a plethora of multidisciplinary participants. Rather than distinguishing between musicians and non-musicians’ brain activity, the current study indicated differences in brain activity while musicians listened to music based on their musical experience. In Go/NoGo response task reaction times, it showed that effects between treatments and visits were different across periods of cognitive function tests. The cognitive function at post-listening assessment out-performed the pre-listening in terms of reaction times (531.94 (±24.70) msec for post-listening assessment; and 557.13 (±37.15) msec for pre-listening assessment. The results of using electroencephalography (EEG) recording in an experimental manner with Karawitan musicians (N=20) revealed that listening to unknown cultural music, Mozart's Piano Sonata in C Major, and western music resulted in increased brain activity. Furthermore, while Karawitan musicians were listening to Mozart's Piano Sonata in C Major, the major brain activity occurred in the frontal lobe. This outcome will elicit additional consideration of music's integration, such as neuroscience of music.

Keywords


Brain; Electroencephalography; Karawitan; Music; Standardized low-resolution electromagnetic tomography;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v12.i1.pp%25p

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