Performance analysis of cooperative spectrum sensing using double dynamic threshold

Neha Chaudhary, Rashima Mahajan


Increased use of wireless technologies and in turn more utilization of available spectrum is subsequently leading to the increasing demand for wireless spectrum. This research work incorporates spectrum sensing detection consisting of a double dynamic threshold followed by cooperative type spectrum sensing. The performance has been analyzed using two modulation schemes, quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM) & binary-phase-shift-keying (BPSK). Improved probability of detection has been witnessed using the double dynamic threshold where a comparison of average values of local decision (LD) and the observed value of energy (EO) has been considered instead of using direct values of local decisions and energy. Further, the probability-of-detection ( ) is found to be better with QAM as compared to the BPSK. From the results, it has been observed that the detection of primary users is also affected by the number of samples. The simulation environment considered for this work is MATLAB and the performance of cooperative spectrum sensing for 500 and 1000 samples with -9db and -12 SNR by considering different false alarm values i. e 0.1,0.3 and 0.5 has been analyzed. The further scope shall be to enhance the primary user detection by considering different QAM schemes and different SNRs.


Cognitive radio; Double threshold; Fusion center cooperative spectrum sensing technique; Local decisions;



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