Attention gated encoder-decoder for ultrasonic signal denoising

Nabil Jai Mansouri, Ghizlane Khaissidi, Gilles Despaux, Mostafa Mrabti, Emmanuel Le Clézio


Ultrasound imaging is one of the most widely used non-destructive testing
methods. The transducer emits pulses that travel through the imaged samples
and are reflected by echo-forming impedance. The resulting ultrasonic signals
usually contain noise. Most of the traditional noise reduction algorithms
require high skills and prior knowledge of noise distribution, which has a
crucial impact on their performances. As a result, these methods generally
yield a loss of information, significantly influencing the final data and deeply
limiting both sensitivity and resolution of imaging devices in medical and
industrial applications. In the present study, a denoising method based on an
attention-gated convolutional autoencoder is proposed to fill this gap. To
evaluate its performance, the suggested protocol is compared to widely used
methods such as butterworth filtering (BF), discrete wavelet transforms
(DWT), principal component analysis (PCA), and convolutional autoencoder
(CAE) methods. Results proved that better denoising can be achieved
especially when the original signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is very low and the
sound waves’ traces are distorted by noise. Moreover, the initial SNR was
improved by up to 30 dB and the resulting Pearson correlation coefficient was
maintained over 99% even for ultrasonic signals with poor initial SNR.


Attention; Deep learning; Noise reduction; Ultrasonic signal

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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