Multi-channel of electroencephalogram signal in multivariable brain-computer interface

Esmeralda Contessa Djamal, Dimas Andhika Sury

Abstract


Brain-computer interface (BCI) usually uses Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals as an intermediate device to drive external devices directly from the brain. The development of BCI capabilities is carried out by involving multivariable EEG signals as movement commands. EEG signals are recorded using multi-channel, enriching information if it uses the suitable method and architecture. This research proposed a two-dimensional convolutional neural networks (CNN) method to recognize multi-channel EEG signals. The vertical dimension is the channel, while the horizontal is the signal sequence. Hence, the signal is connected with the information time series of the same channel and between channels simultaneously. BCI was arranged with multivariable signals, specifically motor imagery and emotion. Both variables have different characteristics, and the information is from different channels. Therefore, it needs multiple CNNs to recognize the two variables in the EEG signal. The experiment showed that the accuracy of multiple 2D-CNN increased to 94.62% compared to 85.44% of single 2D CNN. Multiple 2D-CNN gave accuracy from 82.04% to 94.62% more than multiple 1D-CNN. 2D-CNN makes the channel extraction perfect into vectors to maintain the signal sequence. Signal extraction is essential, so the used Wavelet filter upgraded accuracy from 73.75% to 94.62%.

Keywords


Brain-computer interface; Electroencephalogram signal; Emotion; Motor imagery; Multivariable

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v12.i2.pp618-626

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