Pneumonia prediction on chest x-ray images using deep learning approach

Rani Puspita, Cindy Rahayu


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease with first symptoms similar to the flu. In many cases, this disease causes pneumonia. Since pulmonary infections can be observed through radiography images, this paper investigates deep learning methods for automatically analyzing query chest x-ray images. In deep learning, computers can automatically identify useful features for the model, directly from the raw data, bypassing the difficult step of manual information refinement. The main part of the deep learning method is the focus on automatically learning data representations. Visual geometry group 16 (VGG16) and DenseNet121 are methods in deep learning. The data used is a chest x-ray of pneumonia. Data is divided into training, testing, and validation. The best method for this research case is VGG16 with 93% accuracy training and 90% accuracy testing. In this study, DenseNet121 obtained accuracy below VGG16, with 92% accuracy in training and 88% for accuracy testing. Parameters have a significant influence on the accuracy of each model, and with the parameters that have been used, the VGG16 is a method that has high accuracy and can be used to predict chest x-ray images aimed at checking pneumonia in patients. 


Chest x-ray; Deep learning; Evaluation; Pneumonia; Prediction;

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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