Smart prison technology and challenges: a systematic literature reviews

Ejo Imandeka, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Mufti Mahmud


The rapid rise of intelligent technology, particularly in government, is igniting a new phase of the industrial revolution around the world. As governmental entities, prisons oversee upholding social order and lowering current crime. The concept of the smart prison has not received much attention but is gaining traction. The goal of this research is to conduct a literature review to identify current prison technologies and to analyse the challenges associated with implementing smart prisons using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) protocol. Nine credible publishers were looked up between October 2022 and December 2022. The initial search yielded 362 articles, of which 25 were included in the final phase. This research provides the current state of prison according to technology-organization-environment (TOE). Some challenges arise in the context of TOE, such as the high cost of smart technology, inadequate technology design, poor management, ineffective service, overcrowding, ageing facilities, increasing violence, disease spread, and ethical problems. This study also classifies smart prison technology based on the internet of things (IoT) architecture layer. By providing the first comprehensive review on smart prison technology, this study makes an essential contribution to the subject of prisons.


Internet of things architecture; Prison; Prison challenges; Smart prison; Technology-organization-environment framework;

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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