Dyslexia deep clustering using webcam-based eye tracking

Mohamed Ikermane, Abdelkrim El Mouatasim


Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental impairment that causes difficulties in reading and can have significant academic, social, and economic impacts. In Morocco, Dyslexia accounts for 37% of children's school failures. Early detection of dyslexia is crucial to help children reach their academic potential and prevent low self-esteem. To address this issue, a dyslexia screening tool using webcam-based eye tracking was developed for the Arabic language. The tool was tested on a dataset of 61 students from three primary schools in southern Morocco, and the results showed that using Arabic dyslexic-friendly typefaces improved reading performance, particularly for those with low reading performance. Deep clustering was used to reduce the dimensionality of the dataset, and the subjects were gathered using unsupervised k-means based on AutoEncoder output. The three clusters produced showed a significant difference in many dyslexia traits, such as the number and duration of fixations, as well as the saccade period. These findings suggest that webcam-based eye-tracking techniques have the potential to be used as an initial dyslexia diagnosis tool to assess if a child exhibits some of the typical symptoms of dyslexia and whether they should seek a professional full dyslexia diagnosis.


Arabic language; Deep clustering; Dyslexia K-means; Webcam eye tracking

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v12.i4.pp1892-1900


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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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