Computer model for detecting tsunami wave hazard on built-up land using machine learning and sentinel 2A satellite imagery

Sri Yulianto Joko Prasetyo, Wiwin Sulistyo, Erwien Christanto, Bistok Hasiholan Simanjuntak


The aim of this research is to compile a tsunami wave hazard scale based on built-up land density extracted and classified by machine learning from Sentinel 2A satellite and digital elevation model (DEM) imageries. This research was carried out in 5 stages, namely: (i) pre-processing of Sentinel 2A and DEM images, (ii) Classification of VI data using the machine learning algorithms, (iii) Spatial prediction using the ordinary kriging method, (iv) Field testing using the confusion matrix method, (v) Preparation of decision matrix for tsunami wave hazard. The results of the study show that the most accurate classification algorithm for classifying built-up indices data is the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) algorithm. The results of the statistical accuracy test show that the most accurate is normalized difference built-up index (NDBI) with a mean of square error (MSE) value of 0.073 and a mean of absolute error (MAE) of 0.003. DEM analysis shows that the research area is at an altitude of 0–15 meters above sea level so it is in the high vulnerability to medium vulnerability category. Field testing showed user accuracy of 91.11%, manufacturer accuracy of 92.16%, and overall average accuracy of 91%.


Build-up; Computer model; Machine learning; Spatial interpolation; Tsunami; Vegetation indices

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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