Towards an optimization of automatic defect detection by artificial neural network using Lamb waves

Nissabouri Salah, Elhadji Barra Ndiaye


This paper presents a damage detection method based on the inverse pattern recognition technique by artificial neural network (ANN) using ultrasonic waves. Lamb waves are guided elastic waves, are widely employed in nondestructive testing thanks to their attractive properties such as their sensitivity to the small defects. In this work, finite element method was conducted by Abaqus to study Lamb modes propagation. A data collection is performed by the signals recorded from the sensor of 300 models: healthy and damaged plates excited by a tone burst signal with the frequencies: 100 kHz, 125 kHz, 150 kHz, 175 kHz, 200 kHz, and 225 kHz. The captured signals in undamaged plat are the baseline, whereas the signals measured in damaged plates are recorded for various positions of external rectangular defects. To reduce the amount of training data, only two peaks of measured signals are required to be the input of the model. Continuous wavelet transform (CWT) was adopted to calculate the key features of the signal in the time domain. The feed forward neural network is implemented using MATLAB program. The data are divided as follows: 70% for training the model, 25% for the validation, and 5% for the test. The proposed model is accurate estimating the position of the defect with an accuracy of 99.98%.


Artificial neural network; Continuous wavelet transform; Damage detectio; Lamb waves; Ultrasonic waves

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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