Comparison of daily rainfall forecasting using multilayer perceptron neural network model

Mazwin Arleena Masngut, Shuhaida Ismail, Aida Mustapha, Suhaila Mohd Yasin


Rainfall is important in predicting weather forecast particularly to the agriculture sector and also in environment which gives great contribution towards the economy of the nation. Thus, it is important for the hydrologists to forecast daily rainfall in order to help the other people in the agriculture sector to proceed with their harvesting schedules accordingly and to make sure the results of their crops would be satisfying. This study is set to forecast the daily rainfall future value using ARIMA model and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model. Both method is evaluated by using Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Mean Forecast Error (MFE), Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R ). The results showed that ANN model has outperformed results than ARIMA model. The results also showed ANN has under-forecast the daily rainfall data by 2.21% compare to ARIMA with over-forecast of -3.34%. From this study, it shows that the ANN (6,4,1) model produces better results of MAE (8.4208), MFE (2.2188), RMSE (34.6740) and R (0.9432) compared to ARIMA model. This has proved that ANN model has outperformed ARIMA model in predicting daily rainfall values.


Artificial neural network, Autoregressive, Daily rainfall, Forecasting performance measurement

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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