Detection of traffic congestion based on twitter using convolutional neural network model

Rifqi Ramadhani Almassar, Abba Suganda Girsang

Abstract


Microblogging is a form of communication between users to socialize by describing the state of events in real-time. Twitter is a platform for microblogging. Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest Twitter users, people can share information about traffic jams. This research aims to detect traffic jams by extracting tweets in the form of vectors and then inserting them into the Convolution neural network (CNN) model and getting the best model from CNN+Word2Vec, CNN+FastText, and support vector machine (SVM). Data retrieval was conducted using the Rapidminer application. Then, the context of the tweets was checked so that there were 2777 data consisting of 1426 congestion road data and 1351 smooth road data. The data was taken from certain coordinate points in around Jakarta, Indonesia. Then, preprocessing and changes to vector form were carried out using the Word2Vec and FastText methods, then inserted into the CNN model. The results of CNN+Word2Vec and CNN+FastText were compared to the SVM method. The evaluation was done manually using the actual traffic conditions. The highest result obtained using test data by the CNN+FastText method are 86.33% while CNN+Word2Vec is 85.79% and SVM is 67.62%.

Keywords


Convolutional neural network; Text classification; Traffic congestion; Twitter; Word embeddings;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v11.i4.pp1448-1459

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