Modeling of artificial neural networks for silicon prediction in the cast iron production process

Wandercleiton Cardoso, Renzo di Felice, Bruna Nunes dos Santos, Arthur Nascimento Schitine, Thiago Augusto Pires Machado, André Gustavo de Sousa Galdino, Pedro Vitor Morbach Dixini


The main way to produce cast iron is in the blast furnace. In the production of hot metal, the control of silicon is important. Alumina and silica react chemically with limestone and dolomite to form blast furnace slag. In this work, 12 artificial neural networks (ANNs) were modeled with different numbers of neurons in each hidden layer. The number of neurons varied between 10 and 200 neurons. ANNs were used to predict the silicon content of hot metal produced. The ANN with 30 neurons showed the best performance. In the test phase, the mathematical correlation was 97.5% and the mean square error (MSE) was 0.0006, and in the cross-validation phase, the mathematical correlation was 95.5% while the MSE was 0.00035.


artificial neural network; blast furnace; silicon; slag; statistical analysis;

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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