Robustness enhancement study of augmented positive identification controller by a sigmoid function

Abbas H. Issa, Sarab A. Mahmood, Abdulrahim T. Humod, Nihad M. Ameen


The dissolved oxygen concentration in the wastewater treatment process (WWTP) must remain in a specific range while the factory operates. The augmented positive identification (PID) controller with a nonlinear element (sigmoid function) is proposed to assure stability and reduce uncertainties in the wastewater direct reuse/recycling model. The nonlinear controller gains (PID controller with sigmoid function) for uncertain wastewater treatment processes are tuned using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique. The proposed robust method for controlling wastewater treatment processes has good robustness during model mismatching, reduces treatment time compared to traditional positive identification (PID) controllers tuned by PSO, is easy to apply, and has good performance, according to simulation results.


Augmented proportional-integral-derivative controller; Particle swarm optimization; Robustness; Sigmoid-function; Wastewater treatment process

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IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI)
ISSN/e-ISSN 2089-4872/2252-8938 
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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