Astrocytoma, ependymoma, and oligodendroglioma classification with deep convolutional neural network

Romi Fadillah Rahmat, Mhd Faris Pratama, Sarah Purnamawati, Sharfina Faza, Arif Ridho Lubis, Al-Khowarizmi Al-Khowarizmi, Muharman Lubis

Abstract


Glioma as one of the most common types of brain tumor in the world has three different classes based on its cell types. They are astrocytoma, ependymoma, oligodendroglioma, each has different characteristics depending on the location and malignance level. Radiological examination by medical personnel is still carried out manually using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) medical imaging. Brain structure, size, and various forms of tumors increase the level of difficulty in classifying gliomas. It is advisable to apply a method that can conduct gliomas classification through medical images. The proposed methods were proposed for this study using deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for classification with k-means segmentation and contrast enhancement. The results show the effectiveness of the proposed methods with an accuracy of 95.5%.

Keywords


Brain tumor; Deep convolutional neural network; Glioma classification;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v11.i4.pp1306-1313

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