Deep learning approach analysis model prediction and classification poverty status

Musli Yanto, Yogi Wiyandra, Sarjon Defit

Abstract


The problem of poverty is a scourge for every developing country coupled with the economic crisis that occurred during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The impact of these problems is felt directly by the people in Indonesia, especially in the Province of West Sumatra. This study aims to predict and classify the level of poverty status by developing an analytical model based on the deep learning (DL) approach. The methods used in this study include the K-means method, artificial neural network (ANN), and support vector machine (SVM). The analytical model will be optimized using the pearson correlation (PC) method to measure the accuracy of the analysis. The variable indicator uses the parameters of population (X1), poverty rate (X2), income (X3), and poverty percentage (X4). The results of the study present prediction and classification output with a validity level of accuracy of 99.8%. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the proposed DL analysis model can present an updated analytical model that is quite effective in carrying out the prediction and classification process. The research findings also contribute to the initial handling of the problem of poverty.

Keywords


Classification; Data mining; Poverty; Prediction; West Sumatra;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijai.v12.i1.pp459-468

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